Tomori, NCMP – IGAD, and the international community have continuously spoken against Kiir’s continuous refusal to fully execute the South Sudan peace agreement, but if IGAD and the international community keep the current ‘talk-tough-and-do-nothing’ policy, then the people of South Sudan will suffer for years, perhaps decades to come.
Kiir is stylishly cracking down on the opposition and a lot of the members of the opposition party are already pulling out of the party. Recently, A senior representative of the South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) said he and some of his colleagues from other opposition groups including the SPLM-IO, are living under terrible conditions in hotels due to unpaid bills. The hotel’s management continues to deny them services such as electricity, food, and water.
Though some outcomes of the ND is Kiir’s agenda he professed he jettisoned for the sake of peace, the president’s speech was reconciliatory, reassuring, and veiled during the closing ceremony of the just-concluded National Dialogue, the president was even unhappy with the land ownership resolution. Salva Kiir deserves some credits. Most observers usually like the fact that he publicly talks about wanting lasting peace in the country and that he is ready to implement the peace agreement.
It is good when a leader sets a good example, but it is another thing when the same leader is an embodiment of deceit. Kiir’s apparent pro-peace message lacks reality. The man is simply using the same deceptive techniques he had used in 2015-2016 as a new political fishing-tactic in the hope that he would be able to mislead his adversaries. What he really wants is to implement the deal without changing anything in the current tyrannical constitution.
The international communities and IGAD needs to understand at this stage that, there is no real peace in South Sudan as long as Salva Kiir remains in power. And that is why they need to start taking an active step towards the full implementation of the peace agreement.
It is clear based on Kiir’s actions that the peace agreement is on life support and urgently needs medical specialists to examine the symptoms. Kiir’s mind has no room for political reforms. His commitment to peace is bogus.
But the deal brought him a winning strategy. No reasonable person should deceive him or herself by thinking that Kiir is committed to peace this time and that he is prepared to fully execute it.
There should also be no mistake in anyone’s mind because Salva Kiir still covertly works with his regional ally, Yoweri Museveni(who just ordered armored vehicles worth over a hundred million dollars), to make sure he will provide him with necessary military assistance if another war breaks out.
The good news is that his actions show he is prepared to impede the implementation of the deal one way or another. This is why he often contradicts himself by preaching peace today and declares no money for peace tomorrow. Imagine the abandoned unified armies in the camp. He is merely using the time to buy more weapons for his troops.
Kiir is clearly not ready to fully implement the agreement unless the SPLM-IO decides to give up reforms for accommodation.
The International community and IGAD shouldn’t only talk tough alone to Kiir, but also take a definite step towards getting him to implement the peace agreement completely. The UN and major world powers need to impose sanctions on South Sudan’s oil including oil companies. This option would make Salva Kiir think twice.
IGAD and the international community need to unite and speak with one voice and act against Kiir’s continuous refusal to fully execute the South Sudan peace agreement.